Disneyland Ticket Discounts
By Sarah Stone
LAST UPDATE: 9/26/14
Disneyland tickets are really expensive; there’s no way to sugar-coat it. On the plus side, there are quite a few Disneyland ticket discounts. You can get a Disneyland pass discount every day of the year, though the discounts can be deeper in the off-season. But even with a discount, you’re probably going to have to pay 90%-95% of full price in most cases. Still, if you’re buying multi-day passes for a couple or a family, that can amount to a decent chunk of money!
Prices and blackout dates listed on this page are subject to change at any time.
- Important Things to Know About Disneyland Tickets
- 1-Day and 2-Day Ticket Discounts
- Advance Purchase Ticket Discounts
- Last Minute Ticket Discount
- Southern California CityPASS
- Annual Passport Deals & Discounts
- Southern California Resident Discounts
- DVC Member Discount
- Teacher Discounts
- College Student Discounts
- Y.E.S. (Youth Education Series) Program
- Youth Group Discounts
- Corporate, Government & Other Membership Discounts
- Credit Union Discounts
- Military Discounts
- Canadian Disneyland Tickets
- Australia/New Zealand Disneyland Tickets
In addition to discounts, there are things you should know about Disneyland tickets. You may save yourself some time, money and/or aggravation by reading the tips below.
- Where NOT to Buy Disneyland Tickets
- Lost Tickets
- Upgrading Tickets
- Blackout Dates
- Using Walt Disney World Tickets at Disneyland
There are lots of legitimate ways to get discounted Disneyland tickets. Unfortunately, there are also some ways to get ripped off.
Never buy partially used passes. For instance, someone may claim they bought a 4-day ticket and ended up using only 2 days of it, so they are reselling the remaining 2 days. Sounds good, right? The trouble is, there is absolutely no way to tell whether the pass does, in fact, have the number of days remaining that the seller claims, until you get to the gate and see if it works. If it doesn’t, Disney will not be sympathetic, because Disney tickets are nontransferable. That means they can legally be used only by the original purchaser.
It is a very bad idea to buy Disney passes on eBay or Craigslist. Unfortunately both of these online resources are extremely popular with con artists. Recently scammers have even taken to presenting fake “invoices” or “receipts” that seem to be from legitimate businesses that supposedly sold them the tickets. They always have some sad story about buying nonrefundable tickets, and now they can’t go, and they just want to get some of their money back. But the passes they sell you are partially or completely used up, or were never valid to begin with.
Tickets can look perfectly new and real, yet be worthless. For example, they may be selling real Disney ticket stock shoplifted from supermarkets or other stores, but since the tickets were never paid for, they have not been validated and have zero value.
There is no way to find out if the tickets you buy from a stranger (or even “a friend of a friend”) are any good in advance of your trip. You are very likely to arrive at the gate and find out you have invalid passes. Here is a news story, another story and yet another story about this type of scam.
Websites that seem to be offering super low prices on Disney tickets are almost guaranteed to be scams. There are legitimate, authorized Disney ticket brokers, but they don’t have a lot of profit margin once they pay Disney. There is no way a ticket dealer can offer new, authentic Disney tickets at extremely low prices without losing money. Scam sites may outright rip you off (charge you for tickets you never receive), or even worse, they may just be harvesting your personal information and credit card number so they can sell that information to criminals.
Some signs of a scam ticket site:
- Disney does not allow its authorized ticket dealers to use the word Disney in their URLs (domain names or website addresses). If the site’s URL has the word Disney in it and it is not a site operated by Disney, do not buy tickets there.
- Disney does not allow legitimate ticket brokers to sell discounted 1-day tickets, so if you see a site offering those at a discount, run away fast.
- You can’t pick up the ticket until the morning you are entering the park, and/or you have to return the ticket when you’re done with it. This is a big red flag that they are reselling days off a multi-day ticket. There is at least one very glossy, professional-looking website offering this “service,” which is possibly fraudulent and definitely against Disney’s rules. See the section above about partially used passes — you do NOT want to get caught up in this scam!
- Some sites require you to pay by Western Union or other cash-equivalent services, which means you’ll never be able to get the money back. That should be a huge red flag. ALWAYS pay by credit card (not debit card) when making purchases on the Internet!
Take VERY good care of your tickets, because Disneyland WILL NOT replace lost tickets. It doesn’t matter if you have your receipt, a photocopy of the tickets, or whatever. They just won’t do it. (They will replace Annual Passes for a fee, but that’s the only exception.)
A Disneyland Cast Member told Sue Pisaturo of Small World Vacations that many, many people lose their tickets by putting them in lanyards (ID card holders hung around the neck). The ID card holder portion is usually made to snap off, and frequently lanyards also have a “breakaway” feature for safety purposes. Unfortunately, these features can easily result in lost tickets. It’s better to keep your tickets in your wallet or a deep pocket.
You can apply the value of an unused ticket or pass, or even a partially used one with days left on it, toward the purchase of a higher-priced pass, as long as you do it before your pass expires. For instance, if you buy a 3-Day Park Hopper and then decide on the third day of use that you’d rather have an Annual Pass, you can apply the value of the Park Hopper toward the Annual Pass. Discounted passes will be credited at the retail price as of the day the ticket was issued. To upgrade a ticket, go to any Guest Services window.
Unlike tickets and passes at Walt Disney World there is no “No Expiration” option for Disneyland tickets. All multi-day passes at Disneyland expire 13 days after the first day you start using them. (Unless you use them up first. Naturally a 3-Day Park Hopper is “expired” once you’ve used all three days, even if 13 days haven’t passed yet!) Once the 13 days have passed after the first use, or the last admission day on the ticket is used, the ticket becomes worthless.
Current Disneyland tickets generally expire 13 days after the end of the year they were purchased, even if not used. Some special promotional tickets may expire even earlier. Tickets purchased late in the year may expire at the end of the next year, but they will expire. Unused, expired tickets cannot be used to enter the park any more, but can be traded in for a new ticket. You’ll get the amount you paid originally as a credit toward the new ticket. Even if you’re trading in for the same type of ticket, you’ll have to pay more if the ticket prices have gone up since you bought the original ticket.
Old Disneyland passes that were issued in the days before expiration dates applied can still be used. Their original value is too low to be worth applying to a new pass, though. Just use them for admission (Guest Services will trade them for passes that will work at the gates) — or if they’re old enough, they might be worth more as collectibles!
If you buy a restricted Annual Pass (such as the Southern California Annual Passport, which has many “blackout dates”), but you plan to start your trip on one of the blackout dates, the blackout will not apply on the day you purchase the pass. So if you go to Disneyland on a Saturday and buy an Annual Pass that is normally not valid on Saturdays, you will still be able to use it that day at both parks.
In the past you could use any unexpired, leftover days on a Walt Disney World ticket at Disneyland or Disney California Adventure! This was an unpublished benefit that was in effect at least since this site first started (2001). However, as of mid-December 2013, we are receiving reports that Disneyland and Disney California Adventure will no longer honor Walt Disney World tickets.
Disneyland tickets are NOT accepted at Walt Disney World, and Annual Passes are only good at the park where they were purchased (Walt Disney World Annual Passes are NOT good at Disneyland, and vice versa). However, there is a Premier Passport that is good at both locations.
One-day and two-day tickets to Disneyland and Disney California Adventure are seldom discounted. The exceptions are all for advance purchase only:
- tickets sold through universities (for students)
- tickets for school teachers
- tickets offered to employees by large corporations and government agencies in Southern California
- military discounts through base MWR offices
- aRes Travel sells discounted 2-day tickets
There are no advance purchase savings if you buy directly from Disneyland online or by phone, except during special promotions.
Park Hopper Tickets are valid for admittance to both Disneyland Resort theme parks, including visits to both parks on the same day.
NON-Hopper (1 Park Per Day) Tickets only allow you to visit one park each day. However, you can enter Disneyland one day, Disney California Adventure another day, etc.
3-Day and longer tickets include one Magic Morning admission for early entry into selected attractions at Disneyland Park before the park opens to the public on Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday.
- 3-Day or 4-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Tickets with One Extra Day FREE
- Discounted Disneyland Tickets (2-Day to 5-Day) Via Advance Purchase
- Other Places to Buy Advance Purchase Discount Disneyland Tickets
aRes is offering a great deal where you get a FREE extra day on your 3-Day or 4-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Ticket:
- Adult (10 years and older) 3-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Tickets with an extra day FREE (so you get 4-Day Park Hopper Tickets) are $265, plus a $2 convenience fee, which is $22 less than the gate price of an Adult 4-Day Park Hopper Ticket.
- Child (ages 3-9) 3-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Tickets with an extra day FREE (so you get 4-Day Park Hopper Tickets) are $254, plus a $2 convenience fee, which is $18 less than the gate price of a Child 4-Day Park Hopper Ticket.
- Adult (10 years and older) 4-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Tickets with an extra day FREE (so you get 5-Day Park Hopper Tickets) are $289, plus a $2 convenience fee, which is $14 less than the gate price of an Adult 5-Day Park Hopper Ticket.
- Child (ages 3-9) 4-Day Disneyland Park Hopper Tickets with an extra day FREE (so you get 5-Day Park Hopper Tickets) are $274, plus a $2 convenience fee , which is $13 less than the gate price of a Child 5-Day Park Hopper Ticket.
You will receive a printable voucher. The voucher can be exchanged for the actual tickets at the theme park ticket booths, or if you are staying at one of the three official Disneyland hotels, you can make the exchange at the front desk when checking in. aRes is a reliable authorized Disneyland ticket vendor and this is a perfectly safe way to buy tickets at a nice discount.
Includes one Magic Morning admission to Disneyland (available on select days). First use on the tickets must take place by 12/31/14 and they expire 13 days after first use or 1/13/15, whichever comes first.
- Click here to buy these special 3-Day and 4-Day Hopper Tickets with One Extra Day FREE.
- 5-Day Park Hopper Ticket purchased in advance is $292 adult / $278 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 5-Day Hopper tickets purchased at the gate cost $305 adult / $289 child.
- 5-Day NON-Hopper (1 Park Per Day) Ticket purchased in advance is $253 adult / $239 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 5-Day 1 Park Per Day tickets purchased at the gate cost $266 adult / $250 child.
- 4-Day Park Hopper Ticket purchased in advance is $277 adult / $264 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 4-Day Hopper tickets purchased at the gate cost $289 adult / $274 child.
- 4-Day NON-Hopper (1 Park Per Day) Ticket purchased in advance is $238 adult / $225 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 4-Day 1 Park Per Day tickets purchased at the gate cost $250 adult / $235 child.
- 3-Day Park Hopper Ticket purchased in advance is $255 adult / $246 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 3-Day Hopper tickets purchased at the gate cost $265 adult / $254 child.
- 3-Day NON-Hopper (1 Park Per Day) Ticket purchased in advance is $216 adult / $207 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). Includes one Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 3-Day 1 Park Per Day tickets purchased at the gate cost $226 adult / $215 child.
- 2-Day Park Hopper Ticket purchased in advance is $211 adult / $200 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). This ticket does not include Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 2-Day Hopper tickets purchased at the gate cost $217 adult / $204 child.
- 2-Day NON-Hopper (1 Park Per Day) Ticket purchased in advance is $173 adult / $161 child (ages 3-9) plus a $2 convenience fee (plus shipping, or print them at home free). This ticket does not include Magic Morning admission for Disneyland. For comparison, 2-Day 1 Park Per Day tickets purchased at the gate cost $178 adult / $165 child.
First use on the tickets above must take place by 12/31/14 and they expire 13 days after first use or 1/13/15, whichever comes first.
- aRes makes ordering easy: you can order online or call and speak with an actual person at (800) 680-0977. Order at least 2 days in advance. You print your ticket receipt at home and present the receipt at the park ticket booths, where they give you the actual tickets.
There are no advance purchase savings if you buy directly from Disneyland online or by phone, except during special promotions.
The American Automobile Association is subdivided into regions, and the regions offer different attraction tickets. Some offer Disneyland tickets; some don’t.
Note: There are, as of now, no AAA/CAA discounts available for 2015 tickets at Disneyland. The information below is valid through the end of 2014.
- Automobile Club of Southern California offices now sell advance purchase Disneyland multi-day tickets at a slight discount. Be sure to call your local AAA office in advance to check prices and make sure they have the tickets you want in stock. Sometimes a free parking pass is included with the purchase of multi-day tickets. You must purchase your tickets at an Auto Club branch. If you will have a car while in Anaheim, the closest AAA office is at 420 N Euclid Street, about 4 miles from Disneyland. Phone number is (714) 774-2392. Thanks to pho lishus and Dan L for info.
- Some Central and Northern California AAA offices and neighboring states’ AAA offices (i.e. Arizona and Oregon) sell advance purchase Park Hopper tickets. They may or may not be discounted. Be sure to call your local AAA office in advance to check prices and make sure they have the tickets you want in stock. Sometimes a free parking pass is included with the purchase of multi-day tickets.
Some supermarkets such as Safeway and Ralphs (primarily in California and neighboring states) may carry promotional advance purchase tickets.
You can get slightly discounted Disneyland tickets at the Disneyland Welcome Center in the DoubleTree Suites by Hilton Anaheim Resort, located at 2085 S. Harbor Blvd, Anaheim, CA 92802. They may not carry the full array of tickets, and they do not sell 1-day tickets. Call (714) 383-7052 for the latest ticket prices and availability.
Their prices do not beat advance purchase ticket prices from aRes Travel. However, if you didn’t get around to ordering tickets ahead of time, the Disneyland Welcome Center usually offers better ticket prices than are available at the park gate.
Thanks to Darkbeer for info and Cesco G for updates!
Planning a “grand tour” of Southern California? Be sure to consider the Southern California CityPASS, which includes discounted admission to Disneyland, Universal Hollywood and SeaWorld San Diego. The San Diego Zoo or Safari Park or Legoland California can be added as an option on this pass. By purchasing this combined ticket, you save a substantial amount vs. buying each ticket separately.
- Click here for more information on the Southern California CityPASS.
It may be more cost-effective to buy an Disneyland Annual Passport if you will be in the parks for more than a few days during the year. Be sure to include an Annual Pass in your calculations when deciding on the best pass to buy.
When purchasing tickets for a family, group or couple that will visit Disneyland together, it is often worthwhile to buy ONE Premium Annual Passport for someone in the party. That’s because in addition to the admission, a Premium Annual Passport includes parking, many Disneyland Resort restaurant and shopping discounts and discounts at the Disneyland resort hotels. Just have the Premium Annual Passholder use the discounts and parking privileges for everyone’s benefit. (Most restaurant discounts are good for the entire party — a few have limits.)
You can buy your pass in person at any Disneyland ticket booth. If you have never had an Annual Passport before, you’ll have to get a photo taken by a PhotoPass photographer, which will be associated with the pass.
You can also buy a Disneyland Annual Passport in advance by phone at (714) 781-INFO (4636) or online. If you buy in advance, you can order a voucher for an actual Annual Pass. The voucher must be “activated” (exchanged for the actual Annual Pass) at the park. To activate the voucher, you’ll have to show photo ID (for adults).
Many supermarkets in Southern California sell “gift card” style vouchers for Disneyland Annual Passports at full price.
Generally we don’t see much point in buying an annual pass voucher in advance, except in the following situations:
- The prices are about to go up and you want to lock in the current price. Even if the price goes up after you purchase it, your voucher is valid until the end of the calendar year without paying any extra. After that time the voucher still retains its value (what you paid) but you have to pay the difference in price if annual pass prices have gone up. The Annual Passport is valid for one year from the date you redeem the voucher.
- You are a member of AAA and plan to go to an Automobile Club of Southern California office and buy the Annual Passport, which will save you a little money.
You can renew an Annual Passport up to 40 days prior to its expiration date. Renewals are automatically activated immediately after the current pass expires. If you will not use a new Annual Passport within the 60 days after your old one expires, it’s better not to renew. Just buy a new pass when you actually need it.
If you are purchasing an Annual Passport that has blackout dates, be sure to read the hint above so that you can maximize your use of the pass at the time of purchase.
Annual Passport Deals
- Southern California Annual Passport – Southern California residents within zip codes 90000-93599 qualify for a choice of two different reduced-price Annual Passports. See the Disneyland Ticket Prices page for details.
- Automobile Club of Southern California offices now sell Disneyland annual passes at a slight discount. Be sure to call your local AAA office in advance to make sure they have the passes you want in stock. You must purchase your passes at your local Auto Club branch. Thanks to pho lishus for info.
- DVC members qualify for $20 off a Disneyland Annual Passport. This is good on the first purchase — not on renewals. The discount is valid for members of the DVC member’s immediate household only.
Most promotions for Southern California residents are available for Southern Californians residing within zip codes 90000-93599 and Northern Baja California residents within zip codes 21000-22999. Photo ID is required at the time of purchase and may be required at the time of admission as well.
No current offers.
Southern California residents qualify for reduced-price Annual Passes. See the Disneyland Ticket Prices page for details.
The Disney Vacation Club (DVC) is a Disney-operated timeshare program with properties at Walt Disney World, Disneyland, Vero Beach, Hilton Head Island and Hawaii.
- DVC members qualify for $20 off Disneyland Annual Passes. This is good on the first purchase — not on renewals. The discount is valid for members of the DVC member’s immediate household only.
If you are a teacher in the US or Canada, be sure to check with your teachers’ union for possible Disneyland ticket discounts.
- Members of the California Teachers Association sometimes qualify for a great price on Disneyland tickets. To check on what’s available right now, either visit the benefits website or call TSA/First Financial Credit Union at (800) 537-8491. Thanks to Diane E for info.
- MouseSavers.com reader Barbara W reports, “First Financial Credit Union may extend this discount to members of other Teachers Associations through their toll-free phone line. (The rep I spoke to had no problem with my parents’ membership in a Canadian association.) These tickets must be shipped to a residential address in the US only.” Another reader reports that they would not allow a teacher from outside California to order. So “your mileage may vary.”
- MouseSavers.com reader Heather O reports, “the PSEA (Pennsylvania State Education Association) also offers a significant discount on Disneyland tickets…. I found that I could save $25-30 on most multi-day passes!”
Many universities in Southern California offer Disneyland and Disney California Adventure tickets at a small discount for their students. If you are a college student, check with your Student Union. You’ll typically only save around $1 on 1-day tickets and $6 on 2-day tickets.
Disney Y.E.S. programs are special educational programs offered in the Disneyland Resort theme parks on selected dates to students in 1st through 12th grade. Y.E.S. is a wonderful educational program, but it also has an added benefit: discounted tickets. You can get 1-Day/1-Park and 2-Day/1-Park Tickets, or 1-Day to 5-Day Park Hopper Tickets in conjunction with the program.
Normally the Y.E.S. programs are available only to groups of 15 kids or more, but at times Disney offers “individual enrollment” that does not require you to be part of a group. However, if the “individual enrollment” events don’t fill up, they may be cancelled. To learn more about individual enrollment, click here.
If you will be taking a group of 10 or more kids (between ages 3 and 18) to Disneyland, be sure to call the Youth Group Sales department at (800) 232-7980 to see what discounts may apply, or visit disneyyouth.com for more info.
Qualifying Southern California youth groups can buy significantly discounted tickets through the site above, by fax or by phone.
Thanks to Don R and Charles F for info.
Employees of large companies, major government agencies, or large membership groups like unions or professional organizations (typically those with 200-plus employees or members) may qualify to purchase discounted Disney World tickets, regardless of whether the company has any direct relationship with Disney. Tickets are offered through private websites operated by various ticket suppliers such as Wild at Work or Working Advantage, which exclusively service large organizations. A password is required to access those sites. Check with your company or organization’s benefits department to find out whether your company participates and how to get the password.
If you work for a company that is a major corporate sponsor at Disneyland (i.e. the company’s logo is on a major attraction), or has a significant business relationship with Disney, you might qualify for significant discounts on tickets. Check with your Human Resources department for additional info.
Some of these membership discounts can be significant, but others are no better (or even worse) than discounts available to the general public, so be sure to compare the final price (with any service fees and/or shipping) to other advance purchase ticket discounts.
Some California credit unions may offer Disneyland discounts to their members. If you belong to a credit union in California, be sure to inquire about this.
- MouseSavers.com reader Rebekah M reports that members of Golden 1 Credit Union (which anyone living in certain California counties can join by opening an account – see the Golden 1 site for details) offers very good Disneyland ticket discounts. They occasionally rearrange how their online pages are accessed, but currently the member discount page is accessible from the “Self Services” menu.
Military Salute Tickets for Visits 9/28/14 – 9/30/15
Active or retired US military personnel may purchase up to a maximum of six 3-Day Park Hopper Tickets for $132 per ticket, to be used by themselves, family members (including spouse) or friends. The tickets expire and may not be used after 9/30/15. Tickets may not be used on the following blockout dates: 12/25/14-1/4/15 and 3/29/15-4/9/15.
How to Get Military Salute Tickets
Tickets for use 9/28/14 – 9/30/15 went on sale 8/25/14.
The tickets can be purchased at participating US military sales outlets (MWR/ITT office) on a military base or you can buy them at a Disneyland ticket booth.
Rules for Military Salute Tickets
These tickets are for active or retired members of the US military, including the National Guard, Reservists and the US Coast Guard, with a valid military ID card. Dept of Defense (CIA, FBI, Secret Service) and Coalition Forces are not included.
The person with military ID must accompany any non-military friends and family EVERY DAY the military tickets are used.
Click here for more details.
Where to Ask Questions About Military Salute Tickets
If you have questions about this promotion, please don’t send them to us. All the information we have is listed above. If you need more info, here are some good resources:
- Call your local base MWR/ITT directly and ask them.
- Military Disney Tips has a very long FAQ on these tickets.
Active duty and retired military, DOD civilian employees and their dependents qualify for discounts on Disneyland tickets.
Disney will check ID at the gate. Military personnel may bring in non-military guests with the military discount as long as they accompany the non-military person(s). If military personnel purchase tickets and give them as gifts to non-military users that they will not be accompanying, they risk having the recipient denied entry and the tickets confiscated.
- Discounted military tickets are available through your local base MWR/ITT office. The prices and the exact passes that are available will vary from base to base.
- Civil Service employees of certain branches of government (such as NASA) can purchase discounted Disney tickets at their exchange shops at the same rates as military. Typically the tickets must be ordered and will take a couple of weeks to arrive. While the employee must purchase the tickets, reportedly anyone can use them. Thanks to Melissa for the info.
- Select Disneyland tickets are sold at Flight Centre locations in Canada, in Canadian dollars. Frequently you’ll find lower prices here than direct from Disney.
- BCAA sells Disneyland Park Hopper tickets at regular prices, but offers FREE parking at Disneyland and one Magic Morning Admission as an added benefit for members. You must purchase by phone. Valid through 12/31/14. Thanks to birches for info.
- Select Walt Disney World Park Hopper passes are sold at some other CAA offices. Some Disney Store locations may also carry select Disney tickets. (We strongly recommend calling ahead to find out whether the location near you is offering tickets.) The price of Disney tickets purchased in Canada is adjusted periodically to conform to the current exchange rate, so at times it may be possible to time a purchase to benefit from a sudden change in the exchange rate. (Tickets purchased in Canada may be intended only for Canadians and there is a slight chance you might be asked for ID, so US citizens who live near the border should keep this in mind.)
- Canadians can redeem Air Miles for select Disneyland tickets. See the Air Miles site for details. Thanks to Dawn N for info.
Aussies and Kiwis can purchase a Disneyland ticket that is not sold at the parks: a 10-Day Disney Vacation Pass, which is basically a 10-Day Disneyland Park Hopper ticket, including one Magic Morning admission. This ticket is only sold in Australia and New Zealand, through travel agents. Retail price in New Zealand is approximately NZ$380 for adults (ages 10+) and NZ$355 for kids (ages 3-9). Thanks to Paula S for info.